CRIP, WHAT ?? Enunciations, tensions and appropriations around the vindication of the ‘crip’ in the Spanish context
Functional diversity has been traditionally named in a stigmatizing way: disability, handicap, impairment, etc. Independent Living Activism in Spain refuses those hetero-descriptions, promoting forms of positive self-enunciation, even by reaproppriating disparaging terms. This article seeks to analyze this process, as a result of the emergence and diffusion of the term tullido (crip) at a particular moment of confluence among activisms: the tullido-transfeministas (crip-queer) alliances. The article is based on the results of an ethnographic research, straddling between academia and activism. This paper presents, first, a genealogy of the term tullido, and its translation as a crip, in the Spanish context; and, second, a reflection, based on the interviews carried out with functional diversity, transfeminist and queer activists, about the different positions regarding the use, and possible politicization, of these injuries.
The conclusions point to the existing tensions around the representation and the enunciation of/from the term tullido and in relation to the colonial logics underlying the claim of the term crip. However, the political potential of the term crip, which is subversive when it is claimed by the subjects concerned, is also identified. Calling yourself crippled involves not only showing yourself as different, but also as defective according to the current standards of normality and desirability, therefore playfully denouncing their ableist rationale and the biopolitics that governs them.
García-Santesmases Fernández, Andrea (2020). CRIP, WHAT?? Enunciaciones, tensiones y apropiaciones en torno a la reivindicación de lo tullido en el contexto español. Papeles del CEIC, vol. 2020/2, papel 232, 1-20.